Home > NewsLetter > 2002
No.313

 
 
 


CHINA  SCIENCE  AND  TECHNOLOGY
NEWSLETTER
The Ministry of Science and Technology
People's Republic of China


N0.313 November 20,2002
 
IN THIS ISSUE

* China's R&D Budget Exceeding RMB 100 Billion

* Clean Auto Action for 10th Period

* China Deployed 3 ARGOs

* Breakthroughs in Traditional Medicine Quality Control

* The New Generation Simulator

* China's First 50KW Battery Powered Bus Engine

* China's 19th Antarctic Expedition  


 
 SPECIAL ISSUES

China's R&D Budget Exceeding RMB 100 Billion

As is shown by Statistics Bulletin on China's S&T Budget for the year 2001 jointly published by the State Statistics Bureau, the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Finance, the Chinese government has continued to enhance its input in the nation's R&D budgeting with a total amount exceeding the threshold of RMB 100 billion at RMB 104.25 billion. As a result, the international general indicator showing a nation's R&D input strength has reached the historical height of 1.1% of its GDP.

The Bulletin also shows that the state financial appropriations for R&D sector reached RMB 70.33 billion in the year, or RMB 12.77 billion more against that of the previous year with a weight of 3.7% in the nation's total financial budget. Meanwhile, the total S&T expenditures amounted to RMB 231.25 billion, or RMB 26.23 billion up in comparison with last year, landing a growth of 12.8%.

The Bulletin indicates that the R&D activities reflecting China's independent R&D capacity recorded a total expenditure of RMB 104.25 billion in the year, or RMB 14.68 billion more than the previous year with a growth rate of 16.3%.  The budgets for individual sectors such as basic studies, applied studies and experimental development respectively went up to RMB 5.22 billion, RMB 17.59 billion and RMB 81.43 billion, or 11.8%, 15.8% and 16.8% higher than the previous year with their respective portions of 5%, 16.9% and 78.1% in the nation's total R&D expenditure.

The industrial R&D budget in the year amounted to RMB 63 billion, or 17.3% up against the previous year with a weight of 60.4% in the nation's total R&D expenditure. The ones recorded by the state research institutes and higher learning institutions are RMB 28.85 billion and RMB 10.23 billion respectively, or 11.7% and 33.4% higher than the previous year with a respective portion of 27.6% and 9.8% in the nation's total R&D budget pie.

It becomes apparent that industries have become the stable investment mainstream in R&D activities with expanded on-the-campus R&D activities. Seven major sectors such as electronic and telecommunication equipment manufacturing, pharmaceutical industry, special equipment manufacturing, traffic and transport equipment manufacturing have witnessed enhanced R&D input with the average ratio between R&D expenditure and sale revenues exceeding 1%. In addition, electronics and telecommunication equipment manufacturing sector has recorded an impressive 1.6%.

The municipalities or provinces whose R&D expenditures have exceeded RMB 5 billion are Beijing, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Shandong, Sichuan, Liaoning and Shaan'xi with a total amount of RMB 71.3 billion, or 68.4% of the nation's total.

Clean Auto Action for 10th Period

On November 12, 2002, the Project of Research and Development of Key Clean Auto Technologies and Associated Demonstration and Applications passed the experts' assessment, which implies the full fledged launch of China's clean auto action in the 10th Five-Year period.(2001-2005) The Project will, on the basis of clean auto demonstration projects in selected major cities or regions, focus on the studies of clean automobiles, standards, testing technology and relevant policies as well as integrated applications. The implementation of the project will promote the healthy development of China's clean auto action, effectively improving urban air quality, optimizing energy structures, enhancing the innovation capacity of auto industries and promoting sustainable economic development.

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
 

China Deployed 3 ARGOs

On November 16, 2002, No.2 Marine Institute under the Chinese State Oceanic Bureau announced that China has successfully deployed 3 ARGOs drifting buoys over the northwestern Pacific Ocean. As is briefed by the ARGOs Data Receiving Station under the Institute, it has so far received from these drifting buoys the data and information on sea surface temperature, salinity, longitude and latitude.

The deployment of the drifting buoys is the core task of ARGO Global Marine Observation Program, aiming at fast, accurate and extensive collection of sectional information on sea water temperature and salinity at the upper level of oceans for the purpose of improving climate prediction accuracy and effectively preventing global climate disasters that have become increasingly serious. The Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology has approved the establishment of the project for China's ARGO Marine Observation Network Experiment.

It is reported that the deployed drifting buoys can automatically descend to the depth of 1500 meters in 6 hours after its launch and then drift along with the currents at the same depth.  The drifting buoys will automatically go up to the water surface in 10 days and transmit the data of sea temperature, salinity and depth collected in the course of ascending to the data center located in Toulousc, France through ARGOS system. The latter may receive the date in a period of 14-26 hours after the transmission.

China's Satellite Networking

China Resources II, a new satellite recently launched by China entered its working orbit at 22:53 on November 12, 2002 after its three-orbit shifting and successfully networked with China's Resources II that was launched two years ago. At present, the satellite is working smoothly.

It is briefed that in the course of its three-orbit shifting, Xi'an Satellite Measuring and Control Center employed a transparent working mode called “central control”, which realized the optimized distribution of measuring and control resources and greatly improved the utilization of these resources, solving the conflicts between satellite management and real time measuring and control. Meanwhile, a number of new technologies such as central satellite telecommunication network, general platform for measuring and control software and space vehicle control language have found their further applications and verifications in the said pairing efforts, which greatly enhanced China's comprehensive measuring and control capability for its intensive space vehicle launching activities.

It is reported that the successful networking of the two Chinese resources satellites has demonstrated the extreme high accuracy of the dual satellites networking control scheme independently worked out by the measuring and control center, which ensured the terminal working interval between the two satellites and realized the optimized distribution of ground observation resources of the two satellites.

Breakthroughs in Traditional Medicine Quality Control

Not long ago, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Zhejiang University and Zhongnan University jointly announced their breakthroughs in the innovative fingerprint spectrum technology capable of improving Chinese traditional medicine quality control. The finding, named “computer aided fingerprint spectrum technology for quality similarity evaluation” has found the solution to the core technology in the construction of the standard quality control system for Chinese traditional medicine modernization.

It is briefed that the technology has integrated the knowledge of different disciplines and diversified technical means to perform the evaluation on the stability of matter composition quality. Like fingerprints that can be used to identify a person, the core of the technology reflects the general characteristics of traditional medicines instead of their individual compositions through identifying the “fingerprints” in traditional medicines. It performs sample analysis from different angles and aspects including plantation, collection, processing, storage and distribution of medical herbs, raw materials, semi-finished products, finished products, detecting quality variations or defects through the intercomparison of similarity and relativity and tracking down the full range quality line of traditional medicines. The breakthrough has meant a solid foundation for the eventual solution to the key scientific issues related to traditional medicine quality evaluation and the construction of a complete traditional medicine quality evaluation system.

The New Generation Simulator

The new generation “Galaxy” high-performance and real time computer based simulation system developed by the Computer Institute of National Defense S&T University has recently passed its technical verification checks. The verification panel expressed that the results have made a major breakthrough in high tech computer technology studies and that its overall technical performance has reached the domestically advanced level.

During its trial running period, the new system was used to work on a number of real time simulation experiments for major S&T projects such as space carrier rockets, and played important roles in optimizing designing, shortening research cycle, reducing development costs and ensuring successful launching.  The new system is of numerous merits such as strong expansion capacity, high simulation rate and stable and reliable performance. The system can not only be used in real time simulation experiments for sophisticated technology projects such as space and aviation but also can play valuable roles in meeting other regular simulation needs in the fields like water resources management and drivers training.

Full Solid Blue Light Laser Device

The full solid blue light laser device developed by Changchun Institute of Sophisticated Instruments and Physics under the Chinese Academy of Sciences has recently passed the verification check and been approved for mass production. The proprietary and reliable full solid blue light laser device is of a general performance reaching the internationally advanced level.

It is reported that compared with the traditional gas based blue light laser device such as argon, the full solid blue light laser device is of numerous merits such as the small size, the long life-span, high efficiency and fine reliability. It is of broad application perspectives in many fields such as optic holography, semi-conductor chip testing, submarine telecommunication, color printing, laser displaying, biomedicine and laser spectrum. At present, the Institute has established the full solid blue light laser device production line, the first of its kind in China with an annual capacity for 500 and more sets.

China's Heavy Water Reactor in Operation

Thanks to the hard work of both Chinese and Canadian constructors for 53 months, China's first heavy water nuclear power generator, No.1 power generation unit of Phase III Qinshan Nuclear Power Project was put into operation for grid transmission on November 19, 2002 in Haiyan, Zhejiang Province.

With a total investment of USD 2.88 billion, the Phase III Qinshan Nuclear Power Project is one of the priorities listed under the Chinese national plan for the 9th Five-Year period(1996-2000) as well as the largest joint construction effort between China and Canada. The project has employed the Canada-made CANDU-6 heavy water nuclear reactors with a total installed capacity of 728 megawatts for the two generation units and a designed working life of 40 years under a designed annual volume for 85%.

The generation unit has only used 25% of its designed capacity in the current operation and will expect the full load commercial operation at the end of the year after the completion of testing running at 50% and 100% platforms. At present, No.2 generation unit is at the peak of its integrated testing that has so far enjoyed smooth running and will see its grid operation in next August. When reaching their full load commercial operations, the two generation units will produce an annual volume approaching 10 billion kwh.

China's First 50KWBattery Powered Bus Engine

The 50 kw fuel battery powered bus engine developed by the Institute of Physics and Chemistry under the Chinese Academy of Sciences has recently passed its testing checks by the experts panel organized by the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology.  The standard working testing results published by the Auto Institute of Tsinghua University have shown that the engine has recorded a hydrogen utilization rate as high as 97%, battery power generation 57% and the engine efficiency larger than 42%. All these indicators have approached the internationally advanced level.

It is briefed that the bus engine is fully automatically controlled with improved battery power and performance stability. The engine's detecting system is able to tell the electric pressure variations of each battery at millisecond level and of the functions predicting, controlling and automatically fixing the common failures that may occur in batteries with fine performance of its key components.  

 
 NEWS BRIEFS

China's 19th Antarctic Expedition

On November 20, 2002, the Chinese Antarctic Expedition team launched its 19th trip for the pole aboard Xuelong Polar Expedition Ship. In the coming four and more months, the team will carry out 23 scientific investigations such as understanding the summer and winter environmental conditions of China's Great Wall Station and Zhongshan Station in the polar region, investigations on south-ocean marine and biological resources and earth chemistry of surviving origin and sea ice observations.

The team will during the trip launch its first investigation on Amery Ice Shelf and is planning to obtain an ice core of 300m at the Shelf along with the investigations of glacier surface sections of the Shelf. Meanwhile, the team will make physical and marine observations at the rims of the Shelf. It is briefed that Amery Ice Shelf is one of the three major shelves in the Antarctic region and nearly 20% ice stream of the ice caps in the southeast pole flows into the sea through Amery Ice Shelf. As a result, the variations of Amery Ice Shelf bear direct links with the Antarctic ice cover balance process and associated implications on the sea level changes. At the same time, Amery Ice Shelf is deemed as a most sensitive indicator showing the changes of the Antarctic ice cover.

China's Nanometer Patents Increase Fast

As is shown by the survey results produced by UK based Thomson Derwent on the basis of nanometer technology patent applications filed by different countries as of today since 2000, the United States has ranked the first place with Japan in the second and China the third. The survey also shows that China has witnessed a steady growth of its invention patents during the period of 1997-1998 with an accelerated pace in 1999-2000. As far as the institutional ratings of invention patent applicants in China are concerned, Fudan University sits in the first place with Tsinghua University in the second followed by Jilin University.

Being Part of Cancer Decoding

Not long ago, the international community formally kicked off a major research project called “International Genetic Differentiation Charts Project” after its human genome project. The Project will try to find decoding means for human race.

As is disclosed by relevant authorities of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese scientists will be part of this project and work on partial tasks under the project. It is briefed that an individual person may have most of his or her genome letter sequencing identical with others’. However, there are little differences which find their expressions in few DNA locations with differed spelling. Such genetic differentiation is called mononucleotide polymorphism. The international genetic differentiation charts project will mainly work on this mononucleotide polymorphism, trying to identify all mononucleotide polymorphism inherited in human genome, and working out a shortcut to locate diseases causing genes.  


       Comments or inquiries on editorial matters or Newsletter content should be directed to:Mr. Cheng Jiayi, Department of International Cooperation, MOST 15B, Fuxing Road Beijing 100862, PR China  Tel: (8610)68512650 Fax: (8610) 68512594

http://www.most.gov.cn

 

  

 

 
 
 


CHINA  SCIENCE  AND  TECHNOLOGY
NEWSLETTER
The Ministry of Science and Technology
People's Republic of China


N0.313 November 20,2002
 
IN THIS ISSUE

* China's R&D Budget Exceeding RMB 100 Billion

* Clean Auto Action for 10th Period

* China Deployed 3 ARGOs

* Breakthroughs in Traditional Medicine Quality Control

* The New Generation Simulator

* China's First 50KW Battery Powered Bus Engine

* China's 19th Antarctic Expedition  


 
 SPECIAL ISSUES

China's R&D Budget Exceeding RMB 100 Billion

As is shown by Statistics Bulletin on China's S&T Budget for the year 2001 jointly published by the State Statistics Bureau, the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Finance, the Chinese government has continued to enhance its input in the nation's R&D budgeting with a total amount exceeding the threshold of RMB 100 billion at RMB 104.25 billion. As a result, the international general indicator showing a nation's R&D input strength has reached the historical height of 1.1% of its GDP.

The Bulletin also shows that the state financial appropriations for R&D sector reached RMB 70.33 billion in the year, or RMB 12.77 billion more against that of the previous year with a weight of 3.7% in the nation's total financial budget. Meanwhile, the total S&T expenditures amounted to RMB 231.25 billion, or RMB 26.23 billion up in comparison with last year, landing a growth of 12.8%.

The Bulletin indicates that the R&D activities reflecting China's independent R&D capacity recorded a total expenditure of RMB 104.25 billion in the year, or RMB 14.68 billion more than the previous year with a growth rate of 16.3%.  The budgets for individual sectors such as basic studies, applied studies and experimental development respectively went up to RMB 5.22 billion, RMB 17.59 billion and RMB 81.43 billion, or 11.8%, 15.8% and 16.8% higher than the previous year with their respective portions of 5%, 16.9% and 78.1% in the nation's total R&D expenditure.

The industrial R&D budget in the year amounted to RMB 63 billion, or 17.3% up against the previous year with a weight of 60.4% in the nation's total R&D expenditure. The ones recorded by the state research institutes and higher learning institutions are RMB 28.85 billion and RMB 10.23 billion respectively, or 11.7% and 33.4% higher than the previous year with a respective portion of 27.6% and 9.8% in the nation's total R&D budget pie.

It becomes apparent that industries have become the stable investment mainstream in R&D activities with expanded on-the-campus R&D activities. Seven major sectors such as electronic and telecommunication equipment manufacturing, pharmaceutical industry, special equipment manufacturing, traffic and transport equipment manufacturing have witnessed enhanced R&D input with the average ratio between R&D expenditure and sale revenues exceeding 1%. In addition, electronics and telecommunication equipment manufacturing sector has recorded an impressive 1.6%.

The municipalities or provinces whose R&D expenditures have exceeded RMB 5 billion are Beijing, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Shandong, Sichuan, Liaoning and Shaan'xi with a total amount of RMB 71.3 billion, or 68.4% of the nation's total.

Clean Auto Action for 10th Period

On November 12, 2002, the Project of Research and Development of Key Clean Auto Technologies and Associated Demonstration and Applications passed the experts' assessment, which implies the full fledged launch of China's clean auto action in the 10th Five-Year period.(2001-2005) The Project will, on the basis of clean auto demonstration projects in selected major cities or regions, focus on the studies of clean automobiles, standards, testing technology and relevant policies as well as integrated applications. The implementation of the project will promote the healthy development of China's clean auto action, effectively improving urban air quality, optimizing energy structures, enhancing the innovation capacity of auto industries and promoting sustainable economic development.

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
 

China Deployed 3 ARGOs

On November 16, 2002, No.2 Marine Institute under the Chinese State Oceanic Bureau announced that China has successfully deployed 3 ARGOs drifting buoys over the northwestern Pacific Ocean. As is briefed by the ARGOs Data Receiving Station under the Institute, it has so far received from these drifting buoys the data and information on sea surface temperature, salinity, longitude and latitude.

The deployment of the drifting buoys is the core task of ARGO Global Marine Observation Program, aiming at fast, accurate and extensive collection of sectional information on sea water temperature and salinity at the upper level of oceans for the purpose of improving climate prediction accuracy and effectively preventing global climate disasters that have become increasingly serious. The Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology has approved the establishment of the project for China's ARGO Marine Observation Network Experiment.

It is reported that the deployed drifting buoys can automatically descend to the depth of 1500 meters in 6 hours after its launch and then drift along with the currents at the same depth.  The drifting buoys will automatically go up to the water surface in 10 days and transmit the data of sea temperature, salinity and depth collected in the course of ascending to the data center located in Toulousc, France through ARGOS system. The latter may receive the date in a period of 14-26 hours after the transmission.

China's Satellite Networking

China Resources II, a new satellite recently launched by China entered its working orbit at 22:53 on November 12, 2002 after its three-orbit shifting and successfully networked with China's Resources II that was launched two years ago. At present, the satellite is working smoothly.

It is briefed that in the course of its three-orbit shifting, Xi'an Satellite Measuring and Control Center employed a transparent working mode called “central control”, which realized the optimized distribution of measuring and control resources and greatly improved the utilization of these resources, solving the conflicts between satellite management and real time measuring and control. Meanwhile, a number of new technologies such as central satellite telecommunication network, general platform for measuring and control software and space vehicle control language have found their further applications and verifications in the said pairing efforts, which greatly enhanced China's comprehensive measuring and control capability for its intensive space vehicle launching activities.

It is reported that the successful networking of the two Chinese resources satellites has demonstrated the extreme high accuracy of the dual satellites networking control scheme independently worked out by the measuring and control center, which ensured the terminal working interval between the two satellites and realized the optimized distribution of ground observation resources of the two satellites.

Breakthroughs in Traditional Medicine Quality Control

Not long ago, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Zhejiang University and Zhongnan University jointly announced their breakthroughs in the innovative fingerprint spectrum technology capable of improving Chinese traditional medicine quality control. The finding, named “computer aided fingerprint spectrum technology for quality similarity evaluation” has found the solution to the core technology in the construction of the standard quality control system for Chinese traditional medicine modernization.

It is briefed that the technology has integrated the knowledge of different disciplines and diversified technical means to perform the evaluation on the stability of matter composition quality. Like fingerprints that can be used to identify a person, the core of the technology reflects the general characteristics of traditional medicines instead of their individual compositions through identifying the “fingerprints” in traditional medicines. It performs sample analysis from different angles and aspects including plantation, collection, processing, storage and distribution of medical herbs, raw materials, semi-finished products, finished products, detecting quality variations or defects through the intercomparison of similarity and relativity and tracking down the full range quality line of traditional medicines. The breakthrough has meant a solid foundation for the eventual solution to the key scientific issues related to traditional medicine quality evaluation and the construction of a complete traditional medicine quality evaluation system.

The New Generation Simulator

The new generation “Galaxy” high-performance and real time computer based simulation system developed by the Computer Institute of National Defense S&T University has recently passed its technical verification checks. The verification panel expressed that the results have made a major breakthrough in high tech computer technology studies and that its overall technical performance has reached the domestically advanced level.

During its trial running period, the new system was used to work on a number of real time simulation experiments for major S&T projects such as space carrier rockets, and played important roles in optimizing designing, shortening research cycle, reducing development costs and ensuring successful launching.  The new system is of numerous merits such as strong expansion capacity, high simulation rate and stable and reliable performance. The system can not only be used in real time simulation experiments for sophisticated technology projects such as space and aviation but also can play valuable roles in meeting other regular simulation needs in the fields like water resources management and drivers training.

Full Solid Blue Light Laser Device

The full solid blue light laser device developed by Changchun Institute of Sophisticated Instruments and Physics under the Chinese Academy of Sciences has recently passed the verification check and been approved for mass production. The proprietary and reliable full solid blue light laser device is of a general performance reaching the internationally advanced level.

It is reported that compared with the traditional gas based blue light laser device such as argon, the full solid blue light laser device is of numerous merits such as the small size, the long life-span, high efficiency and fine reliability. It is of broad application perspectives in many fields such as optic holography, semi-conductor chip testing, submarine telecommunication, color printing, laser displaying, biomedicine and laser spectrum. At present, the Institute has established the full solid blue light laser device production line, the first of its kind in China with an annual capacity for 500 and more sets.

China's Heavy Water Reactor in Operation

Thanks to the hard work of both Chinese and Canadian constructors for 53 months, China's first heavy water nuclear power generator, No.1 power generation unit of Phase III Qinshan Nuclear Power Project was put into operation for grid transmission on November 19, 2002 in Haiyan, Zhejiang Province.

With a total investment of USD 2.88 billion, the Phase III Qinshan Nuclear Power Project is one of the priorities listed under the Chinese national plan for the 9th Five-Year period(1996-2000) as well as the largest joint construction effort between China and Canada. The project has employed the Canada-made CANDU-6 heavy water nuclear reactors with a total installed capacity of 728 megawatts for the two generation units and a designed working life of 40 years under a designed annual volume for 85%.

The generation unit has only used 25% of its designed capacity in the current operation and will expect the full load commercial operation at the end of the year after the completion of testing running at 50% and 100% platforms. At present, No.2 generation unit is at the peak of its integrated testing that has so far enjoyed smooth running and will see its grid operation in next August. When reaching their full load commercial operations, the two generation units will produce an annual volume approaching 10 billion kwh.

China's First 50KWBattery Powered Bus Engine

The 50 kw fuel battery powered bus engine developed by the Institute of Physics and Chemistry under the Chinese Academy of Sciences has recently passed its testing checks by the experts panel organized by the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology.  The standard working testing results published by the Auto Institute of Tsinghua University have shown that the engine has recorded a hydrogen utilization rate as high as 97%, battery power generation 57% and the engine efficiency larger than 42%. All these indicators have approached the internationally advanced level.

It is briefed that the bus engine is fully automatically controlled with improved battery power and performance stability. The engine's detecting system is able to tell the electric pressure variations of each battery at millisecond level and of the functions predicting, controlling and automatically fixing the common failures that may occur in batteries with fine performance of its key components.  

 
 NEWS BRIEFS

China's 19th Antarctic Expedition

On November 20, 2002, the Chinese Antarctic Expedition team launched its 19th trip for the pole aboard Xuelong Polar Expedition Ship. In the coming four and more months, the team will carry out 23 scientific investigations such as understanding the summer and winter environmental conditions of China's Great Wall Station and Zhongshan Station in the polar region, investigations on south-ocean marine and biological resources and earth chemistry of surviving origin and sea ice observations.

The team will during the trip launch its first investigation on Amery Ice Shelf and is planning to obtain an ice core of 300m at the Shelf along with the investigations of glacier surface sections of the Shelf. Meanwhile, the team will make physical and marine observations at the rims of the Shelf. It is briefed that Amery Ice Shelf is one of the three major shelves in the Antarctic region and nearly 20% ice stream of the ice caps in the southeast pole flows into the sea through Amery Ice Shelf. As a result, the variations of Amery Ice Shelf bear direct links with the Antarctic ice cover balance process and associated implications on the sea level changes. At the same time, Amery Ice Shelf is deemed as a most sensitive indicator showing the changes of the Antarctic ice cover.

China's Nanometer Patents Increase Fast

As is shown by the survey results produced by UK based Thomson Derwent on the basis of nanometer technology patent applications filed by different countries as of today since 2000, the United States has ranked the first place with Japan in the second and China the third. The survey also shows that China has witnessed a steady growth of its invention patents during the period of 1997-1998 with an accelerated pace in 1999-2000. As far as the institutional ratings of invention patent applicants in China are concerned, Fudan University sits in the first place with Tsinghua University in the second followed by Jilin University.

Being Part of Cancer Decoding

Not long ago, the international community formally kicked off a major research project called “International Genetic Differentiation Charts Project” after its human genome project. The Project will try to find decoding means for human race.

As is disclosed by relevant authorities of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese scientists will be part of this project and work on partial tasks under the project. It is briefed that an individual person may have most of his or her genome letter sequencing identical with others’. However, there are little differences which find their expressions in few DNA locations with differed spelling. Such genetic differentiation is called mononucleotide polymorphism. The international genetic differentiation charts project will mainly work on this mononucleotide polymorphism, trying to identify all mononucleotide polymorphism inherited in human genome, and working out a shortcut to locate diseases causing genes.  


       Comments or inquiries on editorial matters or Newsletter content should be directed to:Mr. Cheng Jiayi, Department of International Cooperation, MOST 15B, Fuxing Road Beijing 100862, PR China  Tel: (8610)68512650 Fax: (8610) 68512594

http://www.most.gov.cn